If you’ve been on the Internet long enough, you’ve probably heard buzz about how hackers can spy on you using your webcam. This is not just some scare story. The truth is that hacking into webcams has been demonstrated over and over. Even so, I’ve always thought that such webcams were accessible only by elite government-employed computer geeks. It turns out that any civilian with an Internet connection can eavesdrop on these unsecured webcams.
The dark horse in this story is Shodan.io, a search engine allowing users to search for devices such as webcams, refrigerators, and even power plants. Don’t get me wrong; this isn’t like searching for products to buy online. Shodan indexes actual, physical devices that you can access simply by typing an IP address into your browser. It turns out that Shodan has discovered a myriad of Internet-connected web cameras, among other IoT devices. All that is separating you from someone else’s web camera is a search and a click.
Disclaimer: The content below contains knowledge. Knowledge is power. Use that power wisely.
Here’s how you can search for unsecured webcam feeds:
- Point your web browser to http://shodan.io/explore. For best results, I recommend Google Chrome.
- (You may be asked to log in at some point. Feel free to use your Google login — just be sure to follow all the instructions for best results)
- Under popular searches you will see a list of links (e.g. “Webcam“). Click one of those links.
- Shodan will show you a results page. Click on one of the results.
- Some of those links may be “protected” by a login screen. You can often succeed just by entering the default username and password. Try some of the following user/pass combinations (not guaranteed to work):
- admin/ [no password]
- root/ [no password]
- Enjoy your webcam feed
So far, I have found these gems. Some of them even allow you to control the camera itself!
- A copy room and work space (controllable)
- A large room in Japan
- Computer lab at the Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Baja California (controllable)
- Office space in Japan. One person’s monitor can be seen quite clearly.
- Data center in China. Contains many other goodies.
- A railway yard in Japan (controllable)
- Some waiting area? in Russia. Username admin, Password admin. Works best on Firefox with VLC plugin installed.
Update 2/24/2016 – It seems that some of these webcams have gone offline. You can give these a try, but they were down the last time I checked.
- 220.127.116.11:8888 Front porch of 166 Wendy Ln, Athens GA
- 18.104.22.168:81 A warehouse of some sorts
- 22.214.171.124:8000 A room in Amesbury, Mass.
- 126.96.36.199:8888 A couch. Entities seen include woman with cellphone, and dog.
- 188.8.131.52:81 A temple in Japan. Very cool view!
- 184.108.40.206:8888 Messy room in Hudson, WI
- 220.127.116.11:8888 Music room
- 18.104.22.168:8080 An office in Los Angeles, CA
Find something interesting? Surprising? Share it in the comments!